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让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

2020-08-06 00:10 来源:http://www.sun550.com 栏目:事件展示

让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影
前一阵子,知名酒商麦格兰威士忌邀请了非常知名的纪实摄影师Elliott Erwitt在华山办了一个展览,今天笔者就要跟大家分享由这位纪实摄影师所提供的12个纪实摄影拍摄小技巧,原文同样为英文,笔者这边一样会将它翻译成中文,并附上原文,对纪实摄影有兴趣的朋友千万不要错过。先简单跟大家聊聊这位摄影师,Elliott Erwitt出生于1928年,曾因为担任电影场景摄影师而与玛丽莲梦露成为好友,并为她拍摄过不少照片,一直到现在都还是经典。Elliott Erwitt拥有独特的幽默感与敏锐的观察力,同时在他为数众多的纪实作品中,常会看到小孩与宠物,这是他非常喜欢的两个元素,透过他的独特摄影眼,我们总能在这些照片中感受到属于他的童趣与幽默。

在小技巧文章开始前,我们可以先看看Elliott Erwitt来台时接受GQ专访的一段影片。

看完影片后,我们就进入主题吧!

让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

1.Photography is an Art of Observation It’s about finding something interesting in an ordinary place. I’ve found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them.

摄影是一种观察的艺术,找出有兴趣的地方,并且开始找出方式去观看。

2.Start Caring You just need to care about what's around you and have a concern with humanity and the human comedy. Then, you can find pictures anywhere. It’s simply a matter of noticing things and organising them.

开始关心周遭的人事物,当你开始学着关心你的周遭,你就会发现照片无所不在,组织与关注这些所见,这是街头摄影的核心。
让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

3.Don’t Overthink It, Just Do It The more you think about a shot, the easier it is to lose it. If you’re thinking long, you’re thinking wrong. Sometimes you just have to take the shot. When I’m in the moment, I’m not thinking at all. I’m locked in non-thought.

不要过度思考,做就对了。想越多越容易错过稍纵即逝的瞬间,有时候拍就对了。

4.Carry a Camera with You at All Times Make a point of having a camera with you wherever you go and just shoot at what interests you. You’ve got to be spontaneous and seize the moment when it presents itself.

随时都要带着你的相机,不管有什幺东西吸引你,把它拍下来,快速转换的街头,你必须抢到那一瞬间。
让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

5.Capture the Emotion The best pictures are often ones that are quite evocative. They capture the emotion of a particular moment, and engage and elicit an emotional response from the person looking at them so that they build their own interpretation of the situation.

捕捉住情绪,好的照片通常都能唤起观看者的情绪反应,找出能捕捉情绪的场景,让你的照片与与观看者产生情绪的共鸣。

6.Change Direction If you’re out and about amongst lots of people, follow the crowd for a while, then turn around 180 degrees in the exact opposite direction to change things up and introduce new perspectives. It’s always worked for me!

改变你的观看方向,当你跟着群众移动,向后转180度,你会发现整个视角都不同。
让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

7.Be Curious One of the main ingredients for photography is curiosity. If you’re curious enough and you get up in the morning and go out and take pictures, you're going to get more interesting results than if you stay at home.

保持你的好奇心,早点起床出门去拍照,会比你待在家里更容易获得有趣的照片。

8.Go the Distance You can take two completely different shots of the same thing, just by varying the distance at which you shoot at.

改变你的拍摄距离,透过改变拍摄距离,就算拍摄同一个东西,你也能获得两种截然不同的照片。
让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

9.Choose Your Camera Wisely There's a profound difference for example between the simple non-reflex, direct-viewing camera (such as a range-finder Leica) and a SLR. With a reflex you tend to make the picture in the camera; with the other, you see the picture and then put a frame around it. Make sure you know your kit, so you can develop your own style and way of shooting.

聪明的选择你的工具,每种相机都有不同的拍摄技巧与感觉,熟悉你想要使用的工具,然后透过它建立属于你的风格。

10.Work on Seeing Be aware of your surroundings. If you don’t have a camera with you, pretend you are a camera and blink your eye at the significant moment. That will teach you to observe. It will help you start to anticipate your subjects’ movements and learn when to press the shutter.

学会观察,就算手中没有相机,运用眨眼来记下当下的瞬间,它会教会你预测被摄主角的下一步,同时也能让你知道何时该按下快门。
让摄影大师Elliott Erwitt 告诉你12个纪实摄影

11.Get the Right Balance of Light Balance of light is the problem, not the amount. Balance between shadows and highlights determines where the emphasis goes in the picture.

处理光线比例平衡,平衡阴影与highlights,让你更容易强调你的被摄主角。

12.Choose Black and White Black and white makes you concentrate on the essentials: light, story, form, emotion and information. It’s about capturing reality and the raw aesthetic, not what can be enhanced by colour. It offers a different way of looking at things.

选择拍摄黑白照片,黑白照片会让你更专注于照片内的光线,故事,情感,相较于彩色照片容易受到颜色干扰,黑白照片是另一种不同的观看方式。

以上12个由Elliott Erwitt所提供的小技巧都记起来了吗?拿起相机,赶快出门去拍照吧!


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